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DNS Caching and Forwarding with Unbound

This howto shows the steps needed to configure unbound for DNS caching and forwarding from the 192.168.1.0/24 network. It assumes the server’s IP address is 192.168.1.22 and is running RHEL/CentOS 7.

Installation

[root@rhce-server ~]# yum install unbound

Configure Systemd

[root@rhce-server ~]# systemctl enable unbound
ln -s '/usr/lib/systemd/system/unbound.service' '/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/unbound.service'
[root@rhce-server ~]# ^enable^start
systemctl start unbound

Configure the Firewall

[root@rhce-server ~]# firewall-cmd --add-service=dns
success
[root@rhce-server ~]# firewall-cmd --add-service=dns --permanent
success

Configure Unbound

Unbound’s configuration is stored in /etc/unbound/unbound.conf.

By default unbound only listens on the loopback interface. Specify which interface you would like to use.

interface: 192.168.1.22

Allow queries from 192.168.1.0/24.

access-control: 192.168.1.0/24 allow

Disable DNSSEC.

domain-insecure: *

Forward uncached requests to OpenDNS.

forward-zone:
    name: *
    forward-addr: 208.67.222.222
    forward-addr: 208.67.220.220

Check Your Configuration

[root@rhce-server ~]# unbound-checkconf 
unbound-checkconf: no errors in /etc/unbound/unbound.conf

Restart the Unbound Service

[root@rhce-server ~]# systemctl restart unbound

Verify it is Working

Test from a different system on the network.

mooose:~ jglemza$ dig fark.com A @192.168.1.22

; <<>> DiG 9.8.3-P1 <<>> fark.com A @192.168.1.22
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 60299
;; flags: qr rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 1, AUTHORITY: 0, ADDITIONAL: 0

;; QUESTION SECTION:
;fark.com.          IN  A

;; ANSWER SECTION:
fark.com.       43200   IN  A   64.191.171.200

;; Query time: 234 msec
;; SERVER: 192.168.1.22#53(192.168.1.22)
;; WHEN: Sat Mar 21 13:16:54 2015
;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 42

Verify the record is now in unbound’s cache.

[root@rhce-server ~]# unbound-control dump_cache|grep fark.com
ns2.fark.com.   43197   IN  A   23.253.56.58
fark.com.   43197   IN  A   64.191.171.200
ns1.fark.com.   43197   IN  A   64.191.171.194
fark.com.   43197   IN  NS  ns1.fark.com.
fark.com.   43197   IN  NS  ns2.fark.com.
...
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RHEL / CentOS 7 Network Teaming

Below is an example on how to configure network teaming on RHEL/CentOS 7. It is assumed that you have at least two interface cards.

Show Current Network Interfaces

[root@rhce-server ~]$ ip link
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT 
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
2: eno16777736: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP mode DEFAULT qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:0c:29:69:bf:87 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
3: eno33554984: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP mode DEFAULT qlen 1000
    link/ether 00:0c:29:69:bf:91 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

The two devices I will be teaming are eno33554984 and eno16777736.

Create the Team Interface

[root@rhce-server ~]$ nmcli connection add type team con-name team0 ifname team0 config '{"runner": {"name": "activebackup"}}'

This will configure the interface for activebackup. Other runners include broadcast, roundrobin, loadbalance, and lacp.

Configure team0’s IP Address

[root@rhce-server ~]# nmcli connection modify team0 ipv4.addresses 192.168.1.22/24
[root@rhce-server ~]# nmcli connection modify team0 ipv4.method manual

You can also configure IPv6 address by setting the ipv6.addresses field.

Configure the Team Slaves

[root@rhce-server ~]# nmcli connection add type team-slave con-name team0-slave1 ifname eno33554984 master team0 
Connection 'team0-slave1' (4167ea50-7d3a-4024-98e1-3058a4dcf0fa) successfully added.
[root@rhce-server ~]# nmcli connection add type team-slave con-name team0-slave2 ifname eno16777736 master team0 
Connection 'team0-slave2' (d5ed65d1-16a7-4bc7-8c4d-78e17a1ed8b3) successfully added.

Check the Connection

[root@rhce-server ~]# teamdctl team0 state
setup:
  runner: activebackup
ports:
  eno16777736
    link watches:
      link summary: up
          instance[link_watch_0]:
        name: ethtool
        link: up
  eno33554984
    link watches:
      link summary: up
      instance[link_watch_0]:
       name: ethtool
        link: up
runner:
  active port: eno16777736

[root@rhce-server ~]# ping -I team0 192.168.1.1
PING 192.168.1.1 (192.168.1.1) from 192.168.1.24 team0: 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=1.38 ms
...

Test Failover

[root@rhce-server ~]# nmcli device disconnect eno16777736
[root@rhce-server ~]# teamdctl team0 state
setup:
  runner: activebackup
ports:
  eno33554984
    link watches:
      link summary: up
      instance[link_watch_0]:
        name: ethtool
        link: up
runner:
  active port: eno33554984
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Configuring Postfix as a Null Client

This howto assumes that the relay server’s IP address is 192.168.1.22 and is running RHEL/CentOS 7. Only mail from the 192.168.1.0/24 network should be accepted and relayed.

Install Postfix

[root@rhce-server ~]# yum install postfix

Configure Systemd

[root@rhce-server ~]# systemctl enable postfix
[root@rhce-server ~]# ^enable^start

Configure the Firewall

[root@rhce-server ~]# firewall-cmd --add-service=smtp
success
[root@rhce-server ~]# firewall-cmd --add-service=smtp --permanent 
success

Configure Postfix

Postfix’s main configuration file is located at /etc/postfix/main.cf.

Configure Postfix to listen on the correct interface.

inet_interfaces = all

Configure the trusted network.

mynetworks = 192.168.1.0/24

Configure the list of domains that this Postfix service should consider itself the final destination for. In my case the server is named rhce-server.

mydestination = rhce-server, localhost.localdomain, localhost

Configure all mail not destined for this server to be relayed to another SMTP server. I am using Time Warner Cable’s SMTP server for Northeast Ohio. The brackets tell Postfix to turn off MX lookups.

relayhost = [smtp-server.neo.rr.com]

Restart Postfix

[root@rhce-server postfix]# systemctl restart postfix

Send a Test Email

[root@rhce-server postfix]# mail -s "rhce-server test" josh@example.com
testing our null postfix configuration
.
EOT

With any luck we should be all set. You can verify the mail was successfully relayed in /var/log/maillog.

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© 2016 Joshua Glemza